Discussions regarding privacy and data protection are already part of our daily lives – especially after the so called “Snowden incident”. And why should they not? The friction between legitimate intelligence gathering and privacy protection as well as data protection are highly controversial. Within the discussions the inherent systematic differences among nations are often unearthed.
In this context this paper wants to introduce different perspectives on privacy and especially data protection within a descriptive assessment. Thus a short definition of privacy is necessary. Furthermore an overview on different approach methods is introduced. Finally the regulatory frameworks regarding these issues within the United States of America and the European Union as well the subsequent frictions are presented.